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Chemtrails - Jp8 Tungsten Jet Fuel - Leukemia Clusters

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Chemtrails - JP8 Tungsten

Jet Fuel - Leukemia Clusters

(02/23/2003) Study links high levels of tungsten to childhood leukemia clusters in Nevada, Arizona and California; two of the clusters also share proximity to military bases and pipelines carrying a highly toxic jet fuel. (06/13/2001) A U.S. senator has demanded that the U.S. Navy hand over documents that could reveal if a link exists between a kerosene-rich fuel called JP-8 or Jet A and a cluster of 14 childhood leukemia cases near a naval airbase in Nevada. The military plans to universally use the JP-8 fuel until at least 2025 in everything from jets to trucks to camp stoves and it is estimated that 60 billion gallons are used worldwide each year. Most military and commercial jets use JP-8, but concerns about its health risks have mounted since it was introduced to U.S. airbases in the 1990s after trials in Britain in the 1980s.. The Air Force was the first service to use JP-8 and airmen began noticing health problems soon after, according to articles in the Air Force Times.. Ed Note:( Owning the weather by 2025, there's that magic number again..."Full Spectrum Dominance"- this is part of the space weapons program as in HR 2799 The Space Preservation Act of 2001 sec 7b) The low volatility of JP-8 means it stays on skin and clothes longer than other fuels. Workers have complained of smelling and tasting JP-8 for many hours after exposure. Headaches, dizziness and light-headedness are common side effects, according to Air Force reports. In 1993, the Nevada Air National Guard members in Reno reported upper respiratory and skin irritations, according to a 1994 Air Guard report. Because of its higher flash point, JP-8 does not fully combust in jet engines and more of it comes out of the back of the aircraft than when other fuels are used. Animal tests have shown that it can cause lung, kidney and liver damage, and is highly toxic to the immune system. At least three laboratory studies have linked the fuel to DNA damage. Last year, Congress authorized $5 million for a study of the fuel at six Air Force bases and the Pentagon has even commissioned studies to determine whether JP-8 exposure contributed to Gulf War syndrome. In 1993, the Fallon Naval Air Station adopted JP-8 and the fuel began running through the 6-inch pipe from Sparks to Fallon.. The air station uses about 34 million gallons per year. Dr. Gary Ridenour, a Fallon internist, said he began seeing Fallon workers with skin and respiratory problems in 1994. He said he attributed the health problems to the new jet fuel and began researching JP-8 studies. He said because the fuel evaporates so slowly, workers can bring it home on their clothing. He said fuel from jet exhausts and fuel-dumping also reach the ground. "There are more and more reports that make the use of this fuel highly questionable," Ridenour said. "There are no medical articles to support the use of JP-8. The fuel may not be the cause of the leukemias, but it may be linked to the cluster, and health concerns about JP-8 warrant inspection of the entire fuel pipeline and exhaustive exposure studies at the base and in the town." ED Note: (oxymoron or moron-oxy?) Harry Reid, a senator for Nevada, has filed formal requests to the Navy, the federal Office of Pipeline Safety, and pipeline company Kinder Morgan to disclose records related to JP-8 leaks and spills around the airbase in Fallon, Nevada. "When we talk about causes of the leukemia cluster, jet fuel is the number one thing mentioned," says Reid. JP-8 consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and benzene, a known carcinogen. Its low freezing point means it can be used in all climates. The Pentagon views JP-8 as a "universal battlefield fuel" for NATO, capable of powering trucks, tanks and even infantry stoves as well as planes. But military personnel and people living near airbases can be exposed to a superfine mist, or aerosol, of unburnt JP-8 produced as a plane's engines warm up before and during takeoff. In breath tests for PAHs, all airbase personnel studied have tested positive for JP-8 exposure. Animal studies have shown that inhaling JP-8 increases lung permeability and can damage the DNA of lung and liver cells - and thus potentially cause cancer. Research has also shown that it is extremely toxic to the immune system. Mark Witten, a toxicologist at the University of Arizona, Tucson, whose work is funded by the U.S. Air Force, was astounded by what JP-8 does to mice that inhale it. "It's just wrecking their immune systems," he says. "I've never seen a chemical that can so completely wipe out an animal's defences." Part of the problem with JP-8 is that it doesn't readily evaporate, so it's more likely to soak into the skin and lungs. What's more, there's some evidence that the performance-enhancing additives in the fuel disrupt the molecular arrangement of the outermost layer of skin, poking holes in the body's main barrier against alien chemicals. Even after brief exposure, the number of immune T-cells in mice plummet and their thymus (where immune cells mature) shrinks, while B cells proliferate.. So severe and sustained are the effects that Witten and his colleague, David Harris, also at the University of Arizona, worry that repeated exposure could increase the risk of autoimmune diseases and cancer, especially in the presence of other risk factors such as pesticides. Witten has exposed rodents to aerosols of JP-8-containing droplets between 1.5 and 1.8 micrometres across - similar to those created by jet engines. Even a single, hour-long exposure to an aerosol containing 50 milligrams of JP-8 per cubic metre increased lung permeability in mice and caused the loss of cilia, the hair-like projections that waft dirt out of bronchial tubes. "This will allow dust, pollen and other stuff in the lungs to set up a chronic inflammatory state," says Witten. Witten is now studying whether JP-8 causes breaks in DNA strands in the animals' bone marrow cells, potentially triggering leukaemia. It's already known that the children of parents who are exposed to hydrocarbons at work have a greater risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia - the type of childhood leukemia in 13 of the 14 confirmed cases in Fallon. "ItÕs too early to state that JP-8 is involved, but there is a leukemia and immune-deficiency disease cluster at a Coast Guard base in San Diego right at the end of a runway used by military planes and (civilian) aircraft using Jet A fuel, which is similar to JP-8," says Witten. He said Italian troops who used JP-8 in Bosnia also reported a cluster of leukemia cases. Ed Note: (What's too early at this point in assessing the that JP8 is indeed part of the issue and problem. How many more lives will it take after "the study is completed?") Witten said if the fuel turns out to be the cause of the leukemia cases in Fallon, other residential areas near military bases and some civilian runways should experience the same problems. "San Diego, Bosnia and Fallon, the common denominator is JP-8. ... My nightmare scenario is that there are fifty other clusters like Fallon out there," he says. Other researchers are studying the effects of repeated exposure to JP-8. Carol Baldwin of the University of Arizona exposed five rats to aerosols containing 1,000 milligrams of JP-8 per cubic metre over five weeks. Each week, they breathed the aerosol for an hour a day on five separate days. Finally, for an hour a day on three further days they breathed an aerosol containing 2,500 milligrams of fuel per cubic metre. The rats became hyperactive. In trials lasting three minutes, they reared onto their hind legs an average of 17 times - more than twice as often as animals that had not breathed JP-8. In addition, the animals had previously learnt the location of a platform submerged in a tank of water, but after exposure to JP-8, they had forgotten where to find it. However, they could learn new tasks, which suggests that the fuel had specific effects on memory - perhaps by interfering with a brain region called the hippocampus. Meanwhile, Steven Kornguth of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, has exposed mice to aerosols containing 1,000 or 2,500 milligrams of JP-8 per cubic metre for an hour a day over one week. Compared to control animals, their retinas and cerebellums contained up to five times as much glutathione S-transferase, an enzyme that detoxifies many harmful substances. This raises the possibility that JP-8 could disrupt vision and proprioception - the sense of where one's body is in space. Short-term exposure to the fuel also causes rashes, respiratory and skin problems. "I went up to a Montana Air Guard base in Great Falls and the workers and mechanics who had contact with the fuel had hands like crabs," Witten said. David Leith, an environmental engineer at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, is developing instruments to measure the density of JP-8 aerosols. In a trial in Alaska, the plume created by a jet exceeded 200 milligrams per cubic metre of JP-8 - the maximum his device could register. The effects of exposure to aerosols and spills on children and pregnant women have yet to be studied. But when pregnant mice are exposed, Harris recently discovered, up to 70 percent of offspring die and surviving pups have abnormal white blood cells. Although the U.S. Navy vigorously denies that JP-8 poses any risk, leukaemia experts such as Peter Domer of the University of Chicago agree that Witten's concerns are well founded. Hydrocarbons in JP-8 such as naphthalene and benzene are capable of causing the sorts of genetic damage seen in childhood leukaemia, Domer says. [sources] Earth Crash Earth Spirit http://eces.org/earth_crash/showarticle.php?id=291#sources From: xxxxxx Sent: Thursday, February 27, 2003 10:15 AM Subject: JP 8 Tungsten Leukemia military cluster doc. (02/23/2003) Study links high levels of tungsten to childhood leukemia clusters in Nevada, Arizona and California; two of the clusters also share proximity to military bases and pipelines carrying a highly toxic jet fuel. (JP 8) Laboratory testing in a south Sacramento County neighborhood haunted by fears of a leukemia cluster found no trace of cancer-causing contaminants in the tap water but did find unexpectedly high levels of tungsten in area trees. Tungsten, a metal used in hardening tools ( jet turbine blades) and military ammunition, has recently drawn the attention of federal researchers investigating two childhood leukemia clusters in Fallon, Nevada and Sierra Vista, Arizona. (and now Elk Grove California, and Kansas) 25 PAGES of documentation here> http://eces..org/earth_crash/showarticle.php?id=291 This report ties together many other reports into one full document, Tungsten is used to harden turbine blades in jet engines, Aluminum Oxide is an abrasive. If Aluminum Oxide was being directly injected into jet engines as some have claimed, well you get my drift (their drift actually) This one is worth printing as a complete source on these military leukemia clusters.


Edited by allan
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