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Advisory Medical Opinion

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  • HadIt.com Elder

Court decision on Advisory Medical Opinions


No. 94-476

Joseph A. Watai, Appellant,


Jesse Brown,

Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Appellee.

On Appeal from the Board of Veterans' Appeals

(Decided October 10, 1996 )


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Thanks Mcafee.

Here's the entire case.



No. 94-476

Joseph A. Watai, Appellant,


Jesse Brown,

Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Appellee.

On Appeal from the Board of Veterans' Appeals

(Decided October 10, 1996 )

Stephen P. Shea was on the brief for the appellant.

Mary Lou Keener, General Counsel; Ron Garvin, Assistant General

Counsel; R. Randall Campbell, Deputy Assistant General Counsel; and

Michael P. Butler were on the brief for the appellee.

Before NEBEKER, Chief Judge, and KRAMER and HOLDAWAY, Judges.

NEBEKER, Chief Judge: The appellant, Joseph A. Watai, appeals from a

July 2, 1993, decision of the Board of Veterans' Appeals (Board), which

denied entitlement to service connection for end-stage renal disease

secondary to glomerulonephritis. For the following reasons, the Court

will vacate the Board's decision and remand this matter for further

proceedings consistent with this opinion.


The appellant had active service in the U.S. Army from June 1944 to

July 1946. Record (R.) at 19. His service medical records indicate that,

on April 8, 1946, he was hospitalized due to "bloody seminal emissions"

which he had experienced for the "past 2 months." R. at 23. A subsequent

urological examination report includes a notation that the appellant's

urethra was "[hem]orrhagic and granular." R. at 45. A report of an


pyelogram states, in part, "There is an angular deformity of the right

renal pelvis; however, the [calyces] appear normal. This finding is

suggestive of [an] old healed injury. A normal pyelogram is seen on the

left." R. at 55. An April 21, 1946, medical record states that the

appellant had a "calyceal deformity" of the right kidney, which "ties in

with history of renal injury in past--believe it is unrelated to

hematospermia, which is due to lower tract inflammation." R. at 44. He

was discharged from the hospital on April 25, 1946, with a final diagnosis

of hematuria and "[p]rostatitis, chronic, mild, nonvenereal." R. at 53. "

Hematuria" is "the presence of blood or blood cells in the urine"; "

prostatitis" is "inflammation of the prostate gland." Webster's Medical

Desk Dictionary 286, 580 (1986) [hereinafter Webster's]. A July 1946

discharge examination was negative for any relevant abnormality. R. at 38

. In May 1990, the appellant filed a statement in support of a claim for

service connection for a kidney condition, "as a result of having blood in

my urine while on Active Duty." R. at 92. Later that year he was

hospitalized with an impression of end-stage renal disease secondary to

chronic glomerulonephritis. R. at 103. "Glomerulonephritis" is "

nephritis [inflammation of the kidney] marked by inflammation of the [

renal] capillaries." Webster's at 268.

The appellant submitted a July 1991 letter from Dr. Frederick Fong,

which stated:

[A]ny conclusions on the relationship of [the appellant's]

present kidney problems and hematuria he might have experienced

in 1946 would be qualified more as a guess than something based

on sound medical principle since many undocumented years have

lapsed in the interim. However if I had to make a guess, I

would guess that there very well might have been a relationship

between [his] hematuria in 1946 and his present kidney problems

. As you well know a complaint of hematuria is not usually an

incidental complaint.

R. at 124. In an October 1991 letter, which was addressed to the

appellant's national service officer and subsequently filed with the Board,

Dr. Richard Shim, a specialist in nephrology, made the following statement:

[The appellant] is a 70-year-old male who has end-stage renal

disease secondary to chronic glomerulonephritis. According to [

the appellant], during his military service he was found to

have hematuria. However, it's not known whether [he] has

proteinuria or a component of renal failure. As you know, one

of the early symptoms of chronic glomerulonephritis is

hematuria. Therefore, [the appellant] thinks that his end-

stage renal failure might be service connected. Since I do not

have access to his Army medical records, I would not be able to

evaluate this aspect of his renal problem. I would very much

appreciate your looking into this matter.

R. at 138 (emphasis added). "Proteinuria" is "the presence of excess

protein in the urine." Webster's at 581. In a July 1992 letter, Dr.

Shim stated,

This is to certify that [the appellant] is under my care for

end-stage renal disease secondary to chronic

glomerulonephritis and has been on maintenance hemodialysis

treatment for the past couple of years three times per week.

When [he] was younger, apparently he had gross and microscopic

hematuria which [was] probably due to his [underlying] chronic


R. at 154. The appellant testified that he had experienced hematuria two

or three times per month since service. R. at 161. With regard to

medical treatment following service, he stated,

I've gone to [VA] from the time I got out of the service and I

was told, don't worry about it, it will go away. . . . You're

young, it will go away and it was a constant thing that it

bothered me and I wanted to have it resolved, but it was never


R. at 157. The RO was unable to locate any relevant VA treatment records

dated prior to 1990. R. at 168. The RO and the Board denied the claim.

A timely appeal followed.


Initially, the Court notes that, in its July 2, 1993, decision, the

Board also denied a claim for hypertension. As this issue was not raised

in the appeal from the Board's decision, the Court holds that the

hypertension claim has been abandoned for purposes of this appeal. See

Bucklinger v. Brown, 5 Vet.App. 435 (1993).

A claimant for veterans benefits has "the burden of submitting

evidence sufficient to justify a belief by a fair and impartial individual

that the claim is well grounded." 38 U.S.C. 5107(a). In order for the

appellant's claim for service connection to be well grounded, he must have

presented competent evidence of the following: a current disability, a

disease or

injury incurred in service, and a nexus between the disease or injury and

the current disability. See Caluza v. Brown, 7 Vet.App. 498, 506 (1995),

aff'd per curiam, 78 F.3d 604 (Fed. Cir. 1996) (table). The appellant has

a current diagnosis of end-stage renal disease, secondary to chronic

glomerulonephritis, and he was diagnosed with hematuria in service. With

regard to the nexus issue, he contends that his glomerulonephritis is

linked to the hematuria he experienced in service. Thus, he must have

presented competent medical nexus evidence to the effect that this claim

is "plausible" or "possible." See Grottveit v. Brown, 5 Vet.App. 91, 93 (

1993); Murphy v. Derwinski, 1 Vet.App. 78, 81 (1990). As the Board noted

in its decision, the medical statements on this issue are couched in

cautious terms: Dr. Fong characterized his opinion as a "guess," and Dr.

Shim initially stated that, without access to the appellant's service

medical records, he was unable to evaluate whether the appellant's renal

disability was related to service. Nevertheless, each physician provided

competent evidence supporting the medical nexus theory advanced by the

appellant. Dr. Fong stated, "f I had to make a guess, I would guess

that there very well might have been a relationship between [his]

hematuria in 1946 and his present kidney problems. As you well know a

complaint of hematuria is not usually an incidental complaint." R. at 124

. Dr. Shim stated, "As you know, one of the early symptoms of chronic

glomerulonephritis is hematuria," and "When [the appellant] was younger,

apparently he had gross and microscopic hematuria which [was] probably due

to his [underlying] chronic glomerulonephritis." R. at 138, 154. These

statements, while not necessarily conclusive, are competent evidence that

the claim is plausible (i.e., that his glomerulonephritis might be related

to the hematuria in service). Nothing more is required to meet the

medical nexus component of the appellant's initial burden under 38 U.S.C.

5107(a). See Lathan v. Brown, 7 Vet.App. 359, 365-66 (1995); Grottveit, 5

Vet.App. at 93. Thus, the Court holds that the claim is well grounded.

In the decision on appeal the Board stated,

We have noted the representative's request that the case be

remanded for a medical opinion. However, the evidence

associated with the claims folder contains the [appellant's]

medical history from the time he was in service until 1992, the

complaints [he] made over the years, the various examining

physicians' observations, numerous laboratory reports and x-

ray studies, as well as other diagnostic tests. The [appellant]

has submitted several statements from private physicians

concerning the etiology of his kidney disorder and its

relationship to service. These statements are speculative at

best concerning relationship to service. We do not feel that

further medical opinion is required since [treating] physicians

have already provided such opinion, to the degree of certitude

possible. The record presented does not otherwise require [a]

medical opinion.

R. at 8-9.

The Court holds that the Board erred in its conclusion that a medical

opinion regarding the etiology of the appellant's kidney disorder was not

required to support the decision denying service connection. As the Board

noted, the record contains opinions from two of the appellant's treating

physicians on the causation issue; however, these opinions, though

cautiously worded, are favorable to the appellant's claim. Although the

record includes "the various examining physicians' observations, numerous

laboratory reports and x-ray studies, as well as other diagnostic tests,"

there is no medical opinion of record that supports the Board's conclusion

that the appellant's chronic glomerulonephritis is not related to service.

The Board may not rely on its own unsubstantiated medical conclusions to

refute medical evidence favorable to the claimant. See Colvin v.

Derwinski, 1 Vet.App. 171, 175 (1991). The Court concludes that the

record is incomplete. Thus, this matter will be remanded for the Board to

obtain a medical opinion regarding any causal relationship between the

hematuria in service and chronic glomerulonephritis.

Where a claimant has submitted a well-grounded claim, "[t]he

Secretary shall assist such a claimant in developing the facts pertinent

to the claim." 38 U.S.C. 5107(a). In adjudicating the appellant's

claim, the Board noted that Dr. Shim initially said that he was unable to

provide an evaluation regarding whether the end-stage renal disease was

related to service because "he did not have access to the [appellant's]

service medical records." R. at 11. The Board therefore discounted, as "

speculative," his statement linking hematuria in service to chronic

glomerulonephritis. The Board did not inform the appellant that he could

choose to authorize disclosure of these records to his private physician

and obtain

another opinion. Dr. Shim's statement indicated that, if he had been

permitted access to the service medical records, he might have been able

to provide a more fully informed opinion regarding whether the end-stage

renal disease was related to the hematuria experienced in service. In

this regard, the Court notes that the record on appeal contains reports of

examinations and other service medical records relevant to the hematuria

diagnosis. The Court holds that, when Dr. Shim's October 1991 letter was

filed with the Board, the Secretary was put on notice that the appellant

needed to develop further the evidence pertinent to his claim. Under

these circumstances, the Secretary had a duty to inform the appellant that

the Secretary, upon proper authorization as required by VA regulations,

would furnish copies of relevant service medical records to Dr. Shim to

enable him to render a less speculative opinion. See 38 U.S.C. 5107(a);

38 C.F.R. 1.514, 1.525, 1.526 (1995). On remand, the appellant will be

free to submit additional evidence and argument. See Quarles v. Derwinski,

3 Vet.App. 129, 141 (1992). Additionally, as the appellant has never been

provided a VA examination, fulfillment of the duty to assist may require "

the conduct of a thorough and contemporaneous medical examination, one

which takes into account the records of prior medical treatment, so that

the evaluation of the claimed disability will be a fully informed one."

Green (Victor) v. Derwinski, 1 Vet.App. 121, 124 (1991) (emphasis added).


Accordingly, the Board's decision is VACATED and this matter is

REMANDED for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.


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